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Endodontic Treatment

What is Root Canal Treatment? How does endodontic treatment save the tooth?

Has your dentist suggested that you need a root canal treatment? Almost 22.3 million root canal or endodontic procedures are conducted annually, a 10% per year increase.Endodontic

Endodontic treatment is conducted to save a tooth when the inner soft part of the tooth (the pulp) is infected. The pulp is the soft inner part of the tooth which is covered by the fleshy, yellowish dentin, then the hard white enamel layer. The pulp contains nerves, blood vessels and connective tissues which help your tooth grow during development and help it feel hot and cold.

If your tooth is infected by deep decay, repeated dental procedures on the tooth, improper crowning or a crack in the tooth, then root canal treatment is conducted to save your tooth and give it a second chance. A fully developed tooth can survive and still function without the pulp.

Endodontic or Root Canal Procedure

The word endodontic might seem a bit scary, but the modern root canal treatment is quite different to the stories you’ve heard in the past. Nowadays, with modern pain management medications and treatment techniques, it’s similar to having a routine filling. The treatment is usually completed in one or two appointments, depending on the condition of your tooth.

The Root Canal Procedure Involves:

  • If elected, IV sedation is given to help the patient fall into a light sleep so there is no awareness of the procedure.

  • Local anesthesia is injected into the gum to numb the tooth and surrounding gum tissue.

  • A dental dam (a thin sheet of rubber or vinyl) is placed which is used to isolate the infected tooth from the rest of the mouth to conduct the root canal treatment.

  • A small hole is drilled through the surface of the affected tooth to access the pulp.

  • The infected dental material is removed from the inside using specially designed instruments to clean out the pulp chamber and root canals.

  • Antiseptic and antibacterial solutions are used to disinfect the canals.

  • The root canals are then shaped with flexible instruments for root canal fillings and seals. The canals are again washed to remove debris before sealing.

  • Sealing the canal is critically important to prevent reinfection from bacteria. A rubber-like material called gutta-percha is used to fill the canal space. The thermo-plastic is then heated and compressed to fill the canal space.

  • After this, the access hole is then sealed and the dental dam is removed.

  • At the end of the root canal treatment a crown is placed over the tooth to temporarily seal the filling to protect it from contamination.

When everything is complete, your dentist will repair or replace your crown.

Root canal treatment can help you maintain your natural smile and enable you to continue using your tooth just like before. If properly cared for, the treated teeth can last as long as your other natural teeth. For more details on this or other dental procedures in Burtonsville, MD, please give us a call at (301) 989-0088. Nicholas Dental Care is located at 3905 National Drive,Suite 170-Burtonsville, MD.