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Abscessed Teeth | Causes and Treatment Options

abscessed teethDental Treatment for Abscessed Teeth

Abscessed teeth, although not always painful, can definitely create great physical discomfort. This painful infection, which occurs at the root of teeth or between the gums and teeth, can give you fever, sensitivity to hot and cold foods and beverages, a bitter taste in your mouth, swollen neck glands and jaws, and bad breath, even without a toothache.

What Causes Abscessed Teeth?

This dental woe is usually caused by trauma to the teeth and severe tooth decay, which allows bacteria to infect the pulp. If not treated right away, further damage to the teeth or more intense pain may happen.

If you think you have abscessed teeth because you’ve experienced some of the symptoms mentioned, the smartest thing to do is to set an appointment with a dentist who specializes in endodontic care right away.

How to Determine the Best Treatment

Your Burtonsville MD Dentist will carefully assess the situation. He’ll probe your teeth with a dental instrument, and also ask you to bite down hard. If you feel pain during the probe and your gums are red and swollen, these are confirmations that you indeed have abscessed teeth. Apart from these methods, an X-ray of your mouth may also be carried out in order to determine if there’s erosion of the bone around the abscess.


After the accurate determination of the situation, treatment follows. Typically, abscessed teeth are treated with a root canal. The endodontist will get rid of the bacteria from the empty canals within your teeth, and then thoroughly clean and shape them before filling and sealing them in order to protect the nerves. Following this, you’ll be scheduled for a restorative procedure; crowns will be placed to protect your teeth and restore their proper function.

Helpful Strategies While You Wait

Now, if you have to wait days before your appointment, a Laurel, MD dentist recommends the following strategies as a first aid treatment for abscessed teeth. These strategies will help you manage the days you have to wait until your dental appointment:

  • Keep the area clean, but do so ever so carefully so as not to aggravate the condition. Just brush and floss gently.
  • Saline solution is good to use as a mouth rinse to dislodge food particles in the mouth. This solution can keep the area disinfected and may also diminish pain and swelling.
  • To control swelling as well as numb the pain, a cold compress may be used.
  • Finally, if the pain’s too intense, do call your dentist and inquire what OTC pain relievers can help alleviate the pain. An anti-inflammatory pain reliever is likely to be prescribed, especially if you have swelling in your mouth.