Denture Care – A Few Important Tips

If you have chosen dentures for teeth replacement, it is crucial that you learn proper denture care in order to get more out of your investment.

How do you take proper care of your dentures?

Handle them with care

Dentures can be easily damaged when you accidentally drop them. Before you remove them, make sure that you put something beneath you, like a towel, that will serve as a cushion if your dentures fall accidentally.

Brush and rinse your dentures properly

Like regular teeth, dentures need to be cleaned in order to remove food debris and the plaque that may have built up. Regular cleaning can also prevent permanent stains from developing.

Dentures should be cleaned every day using a brush with soft bristles. However, do not use regular toothpaste. Regular toothpaste and other household cleaners can damage your dentures so avoid using these. Instead, use recommended denture cleaners. Make sure that you gently brush all the surfaces of your dentures.

If you cannot brush your dentures, you can rinse them after eating.

Keep your dentures moist

If you are not going to wear your dentures, you will need to soak them in either water or a denture cleanser solution. Avoid soaking your dentures in hot water as this can damage them.

Repairs and adjustments

If you break your dentures or if your gums and mouth become irritated due to improper fit, schedule a visit to your dentist. Under no circumstance should you attempt to adjust or repair your own dentures as you can damage them.

Taking care of your remaining teeth and gums

Even if you have lost some teeth, it is important that you take care of your remaining teeth as well as your gums.

If you are wearing full dentures, make sure that you brush your gums and tongues, especially in the morning before you wear your dentures. This will help keep plaque at bay and help improve the circulation in your mouth.

If you are wearing partial dentures, you will need to remove these before brushing your teeth and gums. Pay special attention to the areas where the dentures’ clasps fit as plaque can build up in these areas.

Visit your dentist regularly

After getting your dentures, your dentist will tell you how often you will need to visit the dental clinic. Typically, those visits are scheduled six months apart.

Apart from checking the fit and condition of your dentures, your dentist will also examine your overall oral health and clean your teeth professionally.

If you are currently looking for a dentist in Burtonsville, MD, Dr. Aaron Nicholas and our staff would love to hear from you. Contact us today!

Understanding the Prevalence of Periodontal Disease in Adults

Having healthy teeth is an important part of overall good health. A great smile does not only improve physical appearance. It also helps you speak properly and of course, help you chew your food properly. For this, toothache should not be taken for granted. Pain in a tooth is a sure sign that there’s something wrong, most especially when your gums are swelling or bleeding. Teeth problem may also come with age like the periodontal disease.

What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease, also known as periodontitis or pyorrhea, causes inflammation of the gums and deterioration of the bone that surrounds and supports the teeth. It is often the main cause of bad breath in adults. It is also responsible for most of the teeth lost as people age.

As a matter of fact, a research study from the CDC or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has found that almost 64 percent of adults 65 years and above have moderate to severe forms of periodontitis. Findings from the same study have shown that more than 47 percent of the adult population in the U.S. who are 30 years and above suffer from mild to moderate or severe periodontitis. And between men and women, periodontitis tends to be more prevalent among men.

Signs and Symptoms

Sometimes a person has such minor symptoms that he or she may not realize that periodontal disease is present. As the disease progresses, symptoms include pain, bleeding of gums, swollen gums, and a foul taste in the mouth.

The Primary Cause Of Periodontal Disease

The main culprit behind developing periodontitis is the buildup of dental plaque, which is a thin film of bacteria that sticks to the gum line of the teeth. If this plaque is not removed, it can cause the tissues and bone to break down, leading to tooth loss.

Prevention and Treatment of Periodontal Disease

As recommended by the American Dental Association (ADA), periodontal disease in adults can be prevented with good oral hygiene and regular dental care such as brushing, flossing, and dental checkups.

When visiting the dentist for regular checkups, the clinical examination must also include a periodontal assessment, particularly among middle-aged and elderly. To accurately assess the burden of periodontitis, using a full-mouth periodontal exams (FMPE), which was also cited in the CDC study, proves to gain better results.

It is also important to discuss with your dentist the risk factors that may possibly lead to periodontitis. Reputable dentists would definitely evaluate patients for oral diseases and would provide helpful solutions to prevent them or refer appropriate therapy when there is a need.

For severe cases, the disease can be treated by specialized plaque removal techniques and also by surgery on the gums and bones in the mouth.

If you are currently looking for Dentist in Burtonsville MD, Dr. Aaron Nicholas and our staff would love to hear from you. Contact us today!

What Causes Periodontal Disease in Adults?

Dental professionals can never stress enough the importance of keeping teeth and gums in good condition in order to ensure overall physical health. Every year, countless campaigns are launched for the purpose of encouraging everyone, young and old, to take oral health seriously.

For older folks, however, dental professionals are no longer just encouraging good oral care practices; they are compelling adults to consistently implement proper dental hygiene. This is mainly due to the fact that numerous studies have proven the direct relationship between periodontal disease and life-threatening illnesses such as diabetes and liver ailment. Researchers discovered that even mild periodontal disease such as gingivitis aggravates these serious health woes.

What causes periodontal disease in adults anyway?

First of all, it’s important to establish that bacteria are always present in people’s mouth that’s why consistent proper oral care is a must. You’ll definitely have more if you smoke and have other unhealthy habits.

These bacteria, along with mucus, food debris and other particles, if not brushed and flossed away form plaque (a sticky, colorless film) on teeth. If plaque is allowed to build up, it will harden and turn into tartar – that hard, yellowish buildup at the base of teeth and down beneath the gums that tooth brushing and flossing cannot remove.

The longer plaque stays on the teeth and beneath the gums, the more harmful it actually becomes. Not only will it lead to cavities, but also the bacteria present in it can cause infection and inflammation. When gums become inflamed, they become prone to bleeding and swelling – this is gingivitis, the mildest form of periodontal diseases.

Now, if gingivitis is not treated right away, it can worsen and turn into periodontitis. With this condition, tooth loss is highly likely because the gums will start to pull away from the teeth. This isn’t the only risk. There’s also a higher likelihood of developing other complications because the pockets created by the pulling away of the gums will allow bacteria to further breed.

How do you know if you have periodontal disease?

  • You’ll have halitosis (bad breath)

  • Red, swollen gums

  • Sensitive gums prone to bleeding

  • Chewing food is painful

  • Your teeth are loose

  • Your gums recede

How is gum disease treated?

Treatment always starts with a visit to the dentist. The dentist will properly assess the situation and determine the most appropriate treatment program. Treatment always includes deep dental cleaning to get rid of plaque and determine the gravity of the disease. Medication is also prescribed to treat the infection. There may be other procedures necessary (such as surgery) but all these depend on how serious the disease is.

Periodontal disease is no light matter so if you’re concerned about it, want to prevent it, or if you wish to be treated for it, our Dentist in Burtonsville MD, Dr. Aaron Nicholas and our staff would love to hear from you. Contact us today for an appointment and consultation.

The Top 4 Myths and Facts About Root Canal Treatment

Root canal treatment is a dental procedure recommended by dentists when there is trauma or infection in the nerve or pulp found in a tooth’s canal. The trauma or infection can be caused by various reasons or factors, which include the following:

  • The presence of abscess or decay, also known as an infection, on a tooth.
  • Trauma or injury on the tooth, such as a chipped or broken tooth, which results in the exposure of the nerve.
  • The slow death of a tooth due to aging or previous trauma which was not treated immediately.

Root Canal Therapy Myths and Facts

A leading Laurel, MD dentist says that root canal therapy is widely regarded as the most feared dental procedure. However, this is mainly due to the inaccurate information many people have about this treatment.

Below are some of the most common root canal therapy myths and the truth behind them:

  • Myth: Root canal therapy is painful.

Fact: According to a study published by the American Association of Endodontists, the perception that people have about root canal therapy being painful comes from the early treatment methods used to perform this procedure. Dental experts also say that if you are already suffering from pain on the day of your treatment, your apprehension and fear may heighten the sensations you feel during the procedure.

In actuality, root canal therapy is done to provide pain relief to patients. The majority of people who undergo this dental procedure admit they did not experience any pain during the treatment and that they felt better afterwards.

  • Myth: Your tooth has to hurt really bad before you can undergo root canal therapy. 

Fact: You don’t have to be suffering from a really bad toothache for a dentist to recommend root canal therapy. In many cases, teeth that are already dead but are not at all painful may require root canal treatment to prevent the tooth from becoming further infected.

  • Myth: There is no immediate need to undergo root canal therapy since the tooth will be taken out eventually. 

Fact: There is no correct reason to assume that the treated tooth will still be extracted in the future. In general, most root canal treatments are successful and will result in the tooth being saved.

  • Myth: You will have to visit your dentist several times to complete the therapy. 

Fact: Your dentist can complete the therapy in one to two appointments. However, there are various factors that have to be considered to determine the number of appointments needed to complete a root canal procedure. These include the extent of the infection and the difficulty of the procedure. Also, tooth restoration is essential after the procedure to make it functional again. Leading dentists say that the appointments needed to completely restore the tooth should not be considered part of the root canal procedure.


You’ve been diagnosed with gingivitis

The main question on your mind is this: “Can gum disease go away?”

When gingivitis is diagnosed and treated early on, and if the patient closely follows a dentist’s instructions, it can still be reversed. However, when gum disease is left unchecked, it can worsen and progress into periodontal disease.

Usually, gum disease does not require professional intervention. Instead, a patient is asked to practice good oral hygiene habits. In fact, poor oral hygiene is one of the leading causes of gingivitis.

However, there are some dentists who argue that gum disease is not really reversible. Instead, these dentists say that like periodontal disease, gingivitis can only be controlled.

In order to better understand that argument, here are a few important facts that you should know.

First, periodontitis is a non-curable bacterial infection

Periodontitis damages gum tissues as a result of the body’s immune system fighting off bacteria. Now, if a patient with periodontal disease responds well to the treatment for the disease, he is said to be cured, but not healed.


When the periodontal disease has been stabilized, bone loss stops. However, the damage on the bones can no longer be repaired. Patients who are healed of their periodontitis will notice a marked improvement in the swelling, bleeding, redness, and pocket depth of their gums. Now, if the patient fails to follow through with the treatment, periodontal disease can return.

How is that related to gingivitis?

Gum disease is caused by bacteria that elicits an immune response from the body. Patients with gingivitis experience bleeding, swelling and redness of the gums as a result of the immune system responding to the attack of the bacteria. However, gingivitis does not involve the development of pockets in the gums or bone loss.

Gingivitis and periodontitis share a few similarities. For one, both are bacterial infections that cause damage to tissues. Second, both respond well to the reduction of biofilm control (good oral hygiene). Finally, both diseases can return if the patient fails to practice good oral hygiene and to go for follow-up visits with the dentist.

However, the two also have a few key differences. Although both diseases are caused by a bacterial infection, the bacteria involved in gingivitis are considered to be less harmful. Second, gingivitis can be managed by good oral hygiene and regular dental cleaning. Periodontitis, on the other hand, needs to be managed for a whole lifetime. Patients also need to visit their dentists every three months.

But if there is one key difference that patients should be aware of, that is the fact that periodontitis has been linked to chronic illnesses like diabetes, heart attacks, and stroke.

If you want to learn more about how you can take better care of your teeth and gums and stave off diseases like gingivitis, Dr. Aaron Nicholas, a dentist in Burtonsville, MD, and his team can provide you with invaluable tips. Contact us today.

The Importance of Senior Dental Health Care

Some elderly people view dental problems as a consequence of aging. But the truth is that oral health is important, whatever your age is.

Senior Dental Health CareIf you are a senior or someone who cares for one, you need to be aware of a few alarming statistics. For one, more than 30% of older adults have cavities which are left untreated. About 25% of seniors have a periodontal disease which has been associated with a few chronic health problems including diabetes, heart disease, and respiratory problems. Finally, around 30% of the elderly lose their teeth due to different factors.

Why is senior dental health care important?

The most important reason why the elderly should pay careful attention to their dental health is because they do not need to lose their teeth while they age.

On top of that, the human mouth changes over time. And if you do not pay close attention to this and your overall dental health, you could face serious consequences related to your health.

As you age, you can become vulnerable to different dental problems brought about by different factors. For example, some medications have been known to cause dry mouth as a side effect. Low levels of saliva can make you vulnerable to bacteria and other microorganisms which can cause issues like gum disease and cavities.

Also, a person’s diet can also negatively impact one’s health. For example, if you consume too many hard and sticky treats, starchy foods, and drinks and foods that dry your mouth, you risk facing problems like difficulty in chewing your food as well as having a dull sense of taste.

Other problems associated with poor oral health in seniors include pneumonia, heart disease, and oral health.

Fortunately, seniors can improve their oral health and keep these aforementioned problems at bay through good oral hygiene.

Ideally, elderly people should continue brushing at least twice a day and flossing at least once a day.

If you are wearing dentures, remember to clean these once a day and remove from your mouth for at least four hours.

Drink lots of water as this can help keep tooth decay at bay. And if you have not stopped smoking, consider kicking this habit from your life.

If you are currently looking for a dentist in Burtonsville, MD, Dr. Aaron Nicholas and our staff would love to hear from you. Contact us today.

How to Prevent Gum Disease

Prevent Gum DiseaseHow You Can Prevent Gum Disease

There’s no doubt about it – when you invest in your dental health, you also invest in your total health and well-being, personal relationships, career growth, and the ability to enjoy life’s simple pleasures.

When you take care of your family’s teeth and gums, you are also saving them from the pain and repercussions of acquiring one of the most dreaded consequences of dental health neglect: gum disease.

Plaque Buildup

Also called periodontal disease, gum disease stems from plaque buildup. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria found on the teeth. It forms constantly, thus it needs to be removed regularly through brushing, flossing and professional dental cleaning.

Without proper and consistent oral care, plaque becomes a breeding ground for bacteria, causing infections and inflammation in the gums. This leads to bleeding, weakening of the tooth structure, tooth decay, bad breath, tooth gaps, and eventually, permanent tooth loss.

Preventing gum disease effectively requires a personal commitment to good dental hygiene, and at the same time, investment in quality professional dental care. The following are important steps to keeping yourself and your loved ones away from gum disease.

Be on the lookout for early symptoms

There is a chance for gingivitis, or early stage gum disease, to still be reversed if addressed promptly. So keep an eye out for early signs such as puffy gums and bleeding while brushing. However, in some cases there are no obvious symptoms – you may not be able to see or feel anything at all. That’s why regular dental checkups are important, so the dentist can detect the symptoms that may be seemingly invisible to you.

Brush and floss religiously

The recommendation is to brush at least two times a day and to use floss or interdental cleaners. Dentists often advise patients to go beyond the recommended minimum, especially on the days when you are eating sugary food and beverages.

Make sure you are brushing properly

Incorrect brushing techniques may not be able to do a thorough clean and might leave food particles still stuck in between the teeth. Your dental team can show you the proper brushing angles, movements and timing to make sure you are cleaning your teeth and gums well.

Avoid smoking cigarettes or chewing tobacco

Studies have shown that nicotine consumption or exposure can increase the risk of periodontal disease.

Have your teeth cleaned professionally on a regular basis

Do this to deep clean hard-to-reach areas and to eliminate hardened plaque that can’t be removed with regular brushing.

To learn more about how to prevent gum disease, contact your trusted Laurel, MD dentist at Nicholas Dental Care.

Periodontal Disease Is Linked to Heart Attacks

Periodontal DiseasePeriodontal Disease Is Linked to Heart Attacks

If you need another reason to pay better attention to your oral health, here is one: Periodontal disease is linked to heart attacks, according to Dutch researchers.

Researchers from Holland’s Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam, the country’s largest dental school, found a link between gum disease and heart attacks, stroke and severe chest pain. We have always known that there is a direct connection between oral health and the body. In a recent study published by the ADA experts explore how Periodontal disease is linked to heart attacks.

Research Shows 

For this particular study, the Dutch researchers examined the medical records of 174 individuals aged 35 years old and above in an effort to find the link between periodontal gum disease and atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseasesThe researchers discovered that around four percent of the patients included in the study who had periodontitis also had atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

Risk Factors 

Even when other risk factors for cardiovascular disease like smoking, high blood pressure and diabetes have been eliminated from the equation, patients with periodontitis were 59 percent more likely to have heart problems.

However, experts cannot yet prove the direct correlation between gum disease and heart problems. Researchers suggest that the link between heart problems and gum disease can be traced to chronic inflammation. According to the experts, the presence of infection and inflammation in the mouth can possibly contribute to heart problems. Additionally, researchers posit that gum disease can lead to heart disease by creating a condition of chronic infection. This, alongside bacteria, can adversely affect a person’s circulatory system, including the heart.

Heart Disease in the United States 

In the United States, heart disease ranks as one of the leading causes of death, accounting for 600,000 deaths annually. Periodontal disease, on the other hand, is the advanced stage of gum disease. In this condition, the gums are pulled away from the teeth, creating pockets. These pockets can then become infected. Apart from heart disease, gum disease has also been linked to other conditions, including dementia and skin disease.

Should this research conducted by Dutch experts be a cause of concern and alarm? Dentists believe that the correlation between periodontitis and heart disease is strong. However, when viewed against other risk factors, gum disease ranks relatively lower.

Nonetheless, the link between coronary disease and gum disease is there and you should take every precaution to prevent a medical issue that you can avoid. How do you prevent gum disease?


It’s all about mastering the basics. That includes brushing and flossing your teeth correctly and regularly. Using mouthwash can also effectively reduce plaque and eliminate food particles that brushing and flossing cannot. If you are at risk for gum disease, make sure that you consult your local Burtonsville dentist for advice and guidance.

Types of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease

The Two Main Types of Periodontal Disease

If you have been experiencing symptoms like red or swollen gums, tender or bleeding gums, increased teeth sensitivity, receding gums or teeth that appear to be longer, and bad breath that does not seem to go away, it is highly likely that you have periodontal disease.

Periodontal or gum disease can range from gum inflammation to serious damage to the tissues and bones that support the teeth. The disease is prevalent among people between 30 and 40 years old. Among the two sexes, men are deemed to be more likely to get gum disease.

Causes of Periodontal Disease

The disease is caused by the bacteria in the mouth. These microorganisms produce a sticky and colorless substance known as plaque. Through proper oral hygiene practices, including regular brushing and flossing, plaque can be removed from the mouth. However, if you have poor oral hygiene, plaque remains in the mouth and then hardens into tartar, which can be difficult to remove by brushing alone. In order to remove tartar from your teeth, you will need to see a dentist for professional cleaning.

Who Is At Risk?

Apart from those who have poor oral hygiene, there are some groups that are considered to be at higher risk for contracting gum disease. These include smokers, diabetics, patients who are taking medications that dry the mouth, and those who suffer from diseases like AIDS. There are also some patients who are genetically predisposed to have gum disease.

Gum disease can be broadly categorized into two types:


Gingivitis is the milder of the two and can be harder for people to detect because they experience little to no discomfort. This type of gum disease often occurs due to poor oral hygiene. Fortunately, through proper oral hygiene and professional dental care, this type of gum disease can be cured.


Periodontitis, on the other hand, is the advanced form of gingivitis. Gingivitis progresses to periodontitis when the plaque spreads and grows toward the gum line and below it. The bacteria then produces toxins which irritate the gums and facilitate a chronic inflammatory response from the body. Eventually, the continued production of toxins and inflammation leads to the destruction of the tissues and bone that support the teeth. Patients who suffer from periodontitis also have noticeable gaps or pockets between the gum tissue and teeth.

Periodontitis can be classified further into a variety of types, the most common of which are aggressive periodontitis, chronic periodontitis and necrotizing periodontal disease. Sometimes, periodontitis may be a symptom of a more serious condition, especially when it occurs at a young age. Such conditions include heart disease, diabetes and respiratory disease.

As you may have learned from school during Dental Awareness Month, it is crucial to practice good oral hygiene. Regular brushing and flossing as well as paying regular visits to the dentist can help keep dental problems like gum disease at bay.