Types of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease

The Two Main Types of Periodontal Disease

If you have been experiencing symptoms like red or swollen gums, tender or bleeding gums, increased teeth sensitivity, receding gums or teeth that appear to be longer, and bad breath that does not seem to go away, it is highly likely that you have periodontal disease.

Periodontal or gum disease can range from gum inflammation to serious damage to the tissues and bones that support the teeth. The disease is prevalent among people between 30 and 40 years old. Among the two sexes, men are deemed to be more likely to get gum disease.

Causes of Periodontal Disease

The disease is caused by the bacteria in the mouth. These microorganisms produce a sticky and colorless substance known as plaque. Through proper oral hygiene practices, including regular brushing and flossing, plaque can be removed from the mouth. However, if you have poor oral hygiene, plaque remains in the mouth and then hardens into tartar, which can be difficult to remove by brushing alone. In order to remove tartar from your teeth, you will need to see a dentist for professional cleaning.

Who Is At Risk?

Apart from those who have poor oral hygiene, there are some groups that are considered to be at higher risk for contracting gum disease. These include smokers, diabetics, patients who are taking medications that dry the mouth, and those who suffer from diseases like AIDS. There are also some patients who are genetically predisposed to have gum disease.

Gum disease can be broadly categorized into two types:


Gingivitis is the milder of the two and can be harder for people to detect because they experience little to no discomfort. This type of gum disease often occurs due to poor oral hygiene. Fortunately, through proper oral hygiene and professional dental care, this type of gum disease can be cured.


Periodontitis, on the other hand, is the advanced form of gingivitis. Gingivitis progresses to periodontitis when the plaque spreads and grows toward the gum line and below it. The bacteria then produces toxins which irritate the gums and facilitate a chronic inflammatory response from the body. Eventually, the continued production of toxins and inflammation leads to the destruction of the tissues and bone that support the teeth. Patients who suffer from periodontitis also have noticeable gaps or pockets between the gum tissue and teeth.

Periodontitis can be classified further into a variety of types, the most common of which are aggressive periodontitis, chronic periodontitis and necrotizing periodontal disease. Sometimes, periodontitis may be a symptom of a more serious condition, especially when it occurs at a young age. Such conditions include heart disease, diabetes and respiratory disease.

As you may have learned from school during Dental Awareness Month, it is crucial to practice good oral hygiene. Regular brushing and flossing as well as paying regular visits to the dentist can help keep dental problems like gum disease at bay.

Gum Disease | Why Should I Worry?

Gum disease

Should I Concerned About Periodontal or Gum Disease?

Having healthy gums is as important as having a set of strong and white teeth. When some people think having excellent oral health means they focus most of their attention on their teeth. However, gums play a crucial role, not only in your oral health but also in one’s overall physical health. 

Gum disease or Periodontal disease is something that can go undetected if you are not seeing the Dentist regularly. Were going to share early gum disease detection and preventative measures you can take to prevent it.

Why is having healthy gums important?

Think of your gums as the covering for the structure beneath the teeth. It provides a tight seal around the bones and the teeth against bacteria. If you do not take good care of your gums, plaque can form on the surface of the teeth. Now, when plaque is not removed, it releases toxins that can cause inflammation. This condition is called gingivitis.

Left unchecked, a case of gingivitis can lead to a worse problem known as periodontal disease, or gum disease. Gum disease is a type of infection that can destroy the gums and the underlying bone structure of the teeth.

If you fail to practice good oral hygiene and skip your visits to the dentist, the buildup of plaque can spread beneath the gum line and beyond areas which brushing cannot reach. If this continues, the plaque will cause the gums to become inflamed and detach from the tooth. This leads to the creation of gaps or pockets between the gums and teeth which, in turn, worsens the buildup of plaque.

Apart from this, periodontal disease can increase the risk of a person contracting cardiovascular disease and respiratory infections. This gum disease has also been associated with other medical issues, including strokes, premature births and diabetes.

How do you know if you are at risk for gum disease?

Although this gum disease is primarily caused by bacteria found in plaque, there are some people who are highly vulnerable to contracting the disease.

These include: smokers; patients with crowded or misaligned teeth; people who have braces or have undergone bridgework; patients who suffer from bruxism; people with poor nutrition; patients suffering from diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and HIV infection; patients taking medicines that can dry the mouth or cause gum enlargement, and people with fluctuating hormones.

The disease is also prevalent in people who are under a lot of stress. For some patients, the problem often lies in their genes.

What can you do to keep gum disease disease at bay?

Your best defense against gum disease (and other oral health problems) is practicing good oral hygiene.

Make it a habit to brush and floss your teeth correctly and consistently. Both can help prevent the buildup of plaque. However, doing both is still not enough. You still need to visit your dentist regularly. Your dentist, through professional cleaning, can remove stubborn plaque found in areas that are hard to reach through brushing or flossing alone.